1. Complete and balance the following reactions.
a. HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq)
b. NiCl2(aq) + NaOH(aq)
c. (CH3)3N(aq) + H2O(l)
d. Zn2+(aq) + H2O(l)
e. Zn2+(aq) + NH3(aq)
f. Ca(OH)2(s) + H2SO4(aq)
g. HCl(aq) + HCO3-(aq)
h. Co(NO3)2(aq) + H2S(aq)
+ NO(g) Cr3+(aq)
j. H2O2(aq) + Fe(s)
2. Methane, CH4, is
the primary component of natural gas and is a clean burning, high energy
CH4(g) + O2(g)
CO2(g) + H2O(g)
a. Find Ho for the combustion of methane.
b. Find So for the combustion of methane.
c. Find Go for the combustion of methane at 25 oC.
d. Estimate Go for the combustion of methane at 400 oC
e. Estimate the maximum amount of work possible for the combustion of 1.00 mol of methane at 400 oC.
3. The following rate data was determined for the decomposition of nitrogen dioxide into nitrogen and
a. Write the balanced reaction.
b. Make an Arrhenius plot of the data.
c. From your plotted data, estimate the activation energy for the reaction
d. What is the order of the reaction?
4. Find the value of Ka for the hydronium ion.
5. A 0.0010 M solution of (CH3)2NH is prepared at 25 oC.
a. What is the pH of the solution?
b. 50.0 mL of the dimethylamine solution is mixed with 1.0 mL of 0.025 M HCl. What is the pH of the mixed solution at 25 oC?
6. This question is concerned with the chemistry of carbon dioxide. Consider the reaction of carbon dioxide
with water at 25 oC: CO2(g) + H2O(l)
a. Find Ho.
b. Find So.
c. Find Go at 25 oC.
d. Find the thermodynamic equilibrium constant for the reaction at 25 oC.
e. The atmospheric pressure of carbon dioxide is 0.00036 atm. Find the concentration of carbonic acid under these conditions.
f. Find the pH of an aqueous solution in equilibrium with atmospheric carbon dioxide.
7. Consider CoS.
a. What is the molar solubility in pure water at 25 oC?
b. What is the molar solubility in 0.010 M Co(NO3)2 solution?
8. The commercial alkaline dry
cell is Zn(s)|Zn(OH)2(s)||MnO2(s)|Mn2O3(s)|C(s)
and the electrolyte for both half-cells is an aqueous paste of potassium hydroxide.
a. Write the oxidation half-reaction under the pH conditions of the cell.
b. Write the reduction half-reaction under the pH conditions of the cell.
c. Write the net reaction under the pH conditions of the cell.
d. Eo for the cell is 1.5 V. Find the cell potential when the reactants are 25% consumed.
e. A cell is built using 10.0 g of each reactant. Assume
that the cell dies because the limiting reagent is consumed. If you are
using this battery in your portable CD player that draws 1.0 mA, how many
hours can you listen to music at the beach?